Soviet space programs and Russian Space Missions: According to Russians they were the first who managed to send people into space. Although there were many space exploration programs done by the Soviet Union from the 1930s. These Soviet space programs include launching satellites to space and send humans into space. But there are other records, including the first interplanetary mission called Venera 1 and Mars 1, in which they fly to Venus and Mars.
Top 5 Soviet space programs and Russian Space Missions:
The Space Dogs Mission:
Sending dogs to space is the secret Soviet space programs after the failure of sending 20 thieves to space from 1951 to 1966. It is reasonable that they did primarily attempt to rationalize humans in space, first sending out creatures. Then they start sending dogs in space like the U.S sending monkeys in space at the basic level. In November 1957, the entire world looked inspiringly at the Soviet Satellite 2.
Russians are the first people to travel in the orbit of the earth in a circle. The first dog they trained for space mission name “Laika”. Everything about the “Laika” journey seemed to go smoothly. Until the Soviet Union realized that they had never had a safe return program for this mission. This was bad, that she died in space, as reported by the Soviet.
In 2002, Laika was found have not been euthanized. She didn’t die in the space but actually, she died in a terrible way within several hours of launch. It turns out that Satellite 2 is an untested project. Poor Laika found himself in a 104 degree Fahrenheit cabin. Her body shut down due to stress and heat within five to seven hours after launch.
Even if the Soviet space dogs impacted space and landed safely. They still had to face the deadly winter in Russia because the Soviets were not capable of landing them in a safe place.
Soon they managed to land safely. After this mission, more and more dogs send in space and began to return safely. Finally, Soviets believed that space was finally safe for humans.
Spaceflight to Venus and Mars:
The first three mission of Mars and Venus take three years. These Soviet space programs include “Venera 1 Mars 1”, “Venera 3 Mars 2”, and the “Venera 7 and Mars 3”. According to Soviets “Venera 7 Mars 3” make possible to land on the surface of these planets. On the way, they manage to keep these astronauts active during these three years. The Russian scientists came up with some ambitious idea.
In this idea, they put 20 to 50 percent of crew food in hydroponic greenhouses to get the best performance. It is even more important that no one can live in space for more than a few days. After that, the task itself is crazy. One of the stories is that the astronauts will walk around the Mars, also went to Venus.
This mission took four years. In another version, one of the crew consists of six members actually lands on the Mars and lives there for a year because they need to explore the Mars.
For the purpose, they build some kind of train, powered by a nuclear energy and they called it “Mars Train”. With this train, they explore the Red Planet from edge to edge. Seriously this sounds completely feasible crazy at this point.
The Voskhod Mission:
In 1964, the Soviets tried to land on the moon. But they needed larger spacecraft to complete the work. “Voskhod” is a stepping stone spacecraft plan from Russia like NASA has “Gemini” for Apollo. In the space race, the Soviet Union will not ready to be compromised. Voskhod 1 is the first Soviet space programs in which more than one person has participated in space flight. This is the first testing space rocket from Soviets.
The next mission Voskhod 2 launched safely into orbit. An astronaut “Alexei Leonov” was the first person to perform a spacewalk. But on the way back, Leonov’s spacesuit swelled due to the vacuum of the space. Then he safely brought back to the ship. The Voskhod 2 “space rocket” never intended to carry more than one astronaut in Space.
But in the defeat of America, the Soviet government insisted that this version rises more than one person. Due to the poor design, the Voskhod 2 crew had to read their instruments at a 90-degree angle, and if the emergency occurred, the capsule did not withdraw from the strategy. Soon Voskhod 2 getting worse.
At the landing time, the auto-landing has failed. The two astronauts land it manually. This manually landing takes much time and reduces their landing accuracy. As a result, they were landed in the Ural Mountains. Then the “Dan Aykroyd” and “Chevy Chase” was sent to rescue them.
Soviet Moon Mission:
In 1967, the Soviets was cutting corners to get their people first on Moon. They build a spacecraft called “Soyuz-1”. Their lunar plan physically left the orbiter and go on a spacewalk with the moon landing craft. On the way back from the moon, they will have to carry a lunar rocket to get through space.
Furthermore, the Soviet plan eventually sends the Red Army to the moon but they discovered at least 203 structural problems. They hoped that their first spacecraft would be able to meet the Revolution in a timely manner. But the plan doesn’t go well on this trip, there are some problems begin on the track.
The spacecraft power system is failed along with some other functions like position detector, automatic stability isn’t working properly. Then after 13 turns around the earth, the mission was suspended. But so far this is not important because Apollo has already landed on the moon.
The Expendable Cosmonauts:
Even the Soviet Union is advanced in returning the human astronaut “Yuri Gagarin” to safely in 1961. However, more than one person says Yuri is not the protagonist of space. He is quite the first person to tell a story. More importantly, there are some astronauts flying in the universe. When the Soviets hit the ground during the space race, later discovered that there was a certain degree of convenience in their real Soviet space programs.
In any case, they hide every disappointing ability and smash all incompetent evidence. In 1959, at least four German-Soviet astronauts died between 1957 and 1959. According to Hermann Oberth, the Soviets are converting the rocket into a manned spacecraft. He will know because he is working with NASA and seeing intelligence to prove it.
In addition, a senior official of the Czech government further confirmed the news. He also leaked news that the unofficial launch resulted in the death of some astronauts. But it wasn’t until the two Italian brothers who were died in the space mission. Soon radio starts taking action that the story really got some reason.
Later we learned that one of the cosmonauts of the space mission was cut off in the official picture along with all the records after the terrible death at the launch pad. Another was fired because he was a drunk wrangler who eventually committed suicide. As for the others, we will never know.