Self Driving Cars: This is no longer a hypothetical question. One of the Self Driving Cars driven by Uber killed a woman. The accident occurred on a street in Tempe, Arizona on Sunday night. This may mark a severe milestone in this new technology. That it was killed on public roads by this car.
Authorities say there is no Law for Machines made by Human. Now they think that there is a need for the law to take a step on these occasions to prevent further Risks.
Self Driving Cars: UBER killed a Women
The police said that the 49-year-old woman was on a bicycle about 10 pm around the crosswalk. Uber travels at a speed of 40 miles per hour in an automatic mode. Then she hit by Uber Self Driving Car when the driver is on the driver’s seat. The police have not yet determined who is at fault.
The car apparently did not slow down, and the operator did not malfunction. However, Uber immediately stopped self–driving tests in Arizona and across the country because many tech industries were shocked.
Are Self Driving Cars Are Safe, and Who’s Responsible for such Accidents in Future:
There is an ongoing debate about legal liability in collisions. In which a self-driving vehicle does not cause mistakes to others and thus harms others. Do you blame the owner, the manufacturer of the self-driving car, a combination of the two or someone else?
The New York Times reported last year that in order to become a holy site for self-driving cars, Arizona’s regulators have largely failed to answer these questions.
Arizona officials stated that the public is basically protected by basic rules that require driver’s license drivers in driver-less cars. They added that they plan to take experts one step back when they are making rules.
For example: the National Insurance Regulatory Agency state that wait for the insurance industry to supervise and regulate the driver-less vehicle liability policy. But if the car is not driven by a person, who is responsible for the car accident?
This laissez-faire regulatory strategy is designed to attract Silicon Valley companies. Who want to test products outside of California, and it takes a more cautious approach to new technologies, effective.
The Times reported that Ford, General Motors, Google, Intel and Uber are testing autonomous vehicles in Arizona. The exact number is rare, but at least hundreds of unmanned vehicles in the state are in use.
Uber Public Reviews:
“What we see in today’s tragic news is another example of technological experimentation beyond careful supervision. Elizabeth Joh, a UC Davis Law Professor, who specializes in technology and law, told me on Monday.
She said that the question of who should bear the legal responsibility for self driving cars accidents. They can be borrowed from the tort law. which infringes responsibility and negligence.
In a paper published in the Brookings Institution in 2014. John Villasenor, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. He believes that product liability law provides the best guidance. For identifying legal deficiencies in emerging technologies such as self driving cars.
“Since the middle of the 20th century, product liability has been one of the most dynamic areas of law.” he wrote, noting the flexibility of courts in adapting old doctrines to new products.
In other words, these legal measures only apply to civil lawsuits. What if an autopilot car carries out the equivalent of a vehicular manslaughter? In 2014 “The Times” newspaper Claire Kahn Miller wrote: “Criminal penalties are not for robots. In simple reason that robots cannot be accused of a crime.”
As Ryan Calo, a robotics expert at the University of Washington Law School. ” The criminal law will look for a guilty mind, a specific state of mind. If this person knows better? If you don’t drive, it will be difficult.
Although it lost to Arizona and other states in terms of hardware testing. California is still creating a new situation in law. In December last year, the national automotive department rejected a proposal backed by General Motors. If the sensors of a self-driving car are not properly maintain. Then company will be responsible to consumers.
In March, however, the state took a step toward Arizona. Abolishing a provision requiring someone to enter the driver’s seat during self-testing. The amendment will take effect before April.
Villasenor urged the Congress to leave the issue to the states. Also pointed out that the dispute over the liability of car manufacturers. “That they always been the province in which state courts have applied for state tort remedies.”
But Hill legislators may have different ideas. In September last year, the Republican-controlled House of Representatives passed a bill backed by manufacturers. “This will make it impossible for states to enact legislation that the auto industry considers restrictive.”
Instead, the law allows federal regulators to “make more guidelines for harmonization.”– May be more favourable to the automotive industry than to some of the most stringent countries. The Senate has not taken measures.
This is not the first time that Uber has involved an accident with Tempe. Couple of years ago, a woman driving Honda CRV crossroad crashed by autopilot Uber Volvo. Who flipped and damaged into two other cars.
A report from the Tempe police found that there were different accusations among the drivers. No one were got any serious injury in this crash.
There are many people who favours driver-less cars. They will reduce traffic congestion and reduce pollution. Compared with human drivers, they are theoretically safer. Because sometime human drivers were being drunk distract or reckless when driving.
Some believe that auto-vehicle research should not be curtaile. Because of tens of thousands of Americans killed each year by human control vehicles.
U.S Parliamentary Association Review:
According to the statistics of the National Parliamentary Association of the United States. There are 21 states that have laws that regulate autonomous vehicles. They expanded the scope of a fully open regulatory system like Arizona to tighter regulations like Nevada.
When test driving on public roads, two drivers must require to drive the autopilot cars. Also the driver is on the driver seat and car must be control by driver. Although it is not possible to know whether these preventive measures will prevent what happened to Tempe.
So they can reduce the likelihood of similar accidents in the future. For autonomous vehicles as a whole, further regulations may be useful. The utopian tech must know that autonomous vehicle will eventually involved in fatal accidents.
Silicon Valley and the automotive industry have a responsibility to make these vehicles as safe as possible. Also the state legislature has the responsibility to establish a regulatory environment to protect others.